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Guidance for Users

Information is provided both in a very simple format and in detail.

The materials can be used as aids to the counselling process, but also have other uses.

Carriers should be advised to keep all information issued with their personal papers for future reference, especially in case of a pregnancy.

Please contact APoGI if you are uncertain about the appropriateness of a particular document to a particular case.

Safeguards for Health Professionals

The information materials are correct only if the diagnosis is correct. There is usually little doubt about a diagnosis provided by an experienced laboratory, but mistakes can happen. We recommend the following rules in counselling for haemoglobin disorders:

  1. Always see a copy of the original results, or a haemoglobinopathy card giving the address of the centre where the diagnosis was made, or a letter in which the results were written by a competent person, before providing counselling. Errors are easily made if counselling is based on hearsay, however authoritative the source of verbal information may be.
  2. If you are not sure that the laboratory where the test was done is definitely reliable, arrange for a repeat test before providing counselling. If the diagnosis has been made in a laboratory other than the one you habitually work with, especially one in an area where there are not many people in ethnic groups at risk, consider carefully if the results are really reliable. Errors can occur when there is not a large haemoglobinopathy workload or if recognised recommendations for screening are not followed. They can happen even in a laboratory that belongs to a quality control programme or is sited in a university hospital. Repeat the test if there is any doubt at all.

All materials are provided subject to the APoGI Disclaimer.
Problems or further enquiries? Contact APoGI.
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